8.3% of US adults experienced major depressive disorder in 2021; 27.8% during COVID-19 pandemic peak.
Depression, a prevalent and complex mood disorder, affects millions of individuals across various age groups. This comprehensive guide delves into the types, symptoms, causes, and treatment options for depression, providing physicians with the latest data and insights to enhance patient care.
- Gender Disparity: 21% of women and 11% to 13% of men have dealt with major depression.
- Youth Impact: More than 20% of individuals aged 12-17 had a major depressive episode in 2021.
- Types: Includes Major Depressive Disorder, Persistent Depressive Disorder, Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder, and others.
- Symptoms: Range from feelings of sadness, guilt, disturbed sleep, loss of interest, to suicidal ideation.
- Genetic Factors: More than 100 genetic risk loci identified; GRIA, GRIN, GRIK, and SLC6A family genes crucial.
- Natural Approaches: Botanicals like saffron, green tea, exercise, acupuncture, and light therapy.
- Psychedelics: MDMA and psilocybin are being explored for treatment.
- Prevention Strategies: Healthy diet, regular exercise, sleep, stress reduction, and limiting alcohol.
- Understanding the multifaceted nature of depression, including its genetic and environmental triggers, is essential for personalized treatment and prevention strategies.
Did You Know?
The prevalence of depression among US adults more than tripled to 27.8% during the peak of the COVID-19 pandemic.