Articles related to Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Two Surprising Reasons Behind the Obesity Epidemic: Too Much Salt, Not Enough Water
The founding editor of Comprehensive Clinical Nephrology teases out for us our physiologic response to salt, sugar, fat, and water that creates a recipe for obesity – a recipe being used daily by many Americans with obvious results. His recommendation? “Drinking more water and reducing salt intake offer cheap, easy and healthy strategies that may prevent or treat obesity.” Click to see the evidence behind the conclusion.
Cardiology September 6th 2022
One-Year Outcome Trajectories and Factors Associated with Functional Recovery Among Survivors of Intracerebral and Intraventricular Hemorrhage with Initial Severe Disability
Patients who survive severe intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) typically have poor functional outcome in the short term and understanding of future recovery has been limited. These findings indicate that hospital events significantly influenced long-term functional recovery after ICH and IVH, suggesting that aggressive ICH and IVH resolution and prevention of systemic complications and cerebral ischemic injury may promote better outcomes among patients with ICH and IVH with high clinical severity.
Neurology August 2nd 2022
Hyaluronic Acid Injections for Knee Arthritis Ineffective, Surgery for Meniscal Tears Noninferior to PT, Studies Find
The knee arthritis meta-analysis reviewed 169 trials involving 21,163 patients, with the evidence demonstrating viscosupplementation is associated with a clinically irrelevant reduction in pain intensity and with an increased risk of serious adverse events compared with placebo. For the meniscus study, the commentary may sum it up best: “Multiple studies, including several with sham surgeries as a control have shown repeatedly over the previous 2 decades that surgery is not superior to physical therapy, yet the issue and use of surgery persist.”
Family Medicine/General Practice July 19th 2022
Effect of a Home-Based, Walking Exercise Behavior Change Intervention vs. Usual Care on Walking in Adults with Peripheral Artery Disease
Walking exercises have been found to improve outcomes for people suffering from peripheral artery disease (PAD). Specifically, among adults with PAD and intermittent claudication, a home-based, walking exercise behavior change intervention, compared with usual care, resulted in improved walking distance at three months. However, authors of the JAMA study concluded that further research is needed to determine the durability of these findings.
Cardiology April 19th 2022
Risk for Shoulder Conditions After Vaccination: A Population-Based Study Using Real-World Data
Given the high burden of shoulder conditions, clinicians should pay attention to any factors that may further increase risks. This study found a low incidence of shoulder issues following vaccination in the deltoid muscle but does delineate population at higher risk for developing these issues.
Family Medicine/General Practice March 29th 2022