Articles related to NEOADJUVANT TREATMENT
Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy vs. Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy for Patients with Stage III-N2M0 Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC): A Population-Based Study
The authors investigated the effect of adding radiotherapy to neoadjuvant chemotherapy on survival in patients with Stage III-N2 non-small cell lung cancer. Analysis included 1,175 patients diagnosed between 2004 and 2015; 799 (68.0%) underwent neoadjuvant CRT and 376 (32.0%) underwent neoadjuvant CT. Adding radiotherapy to chemotherapy showed a slightly higher median OS than chemotherapy alone (51 vs. 47 months, respectively), and a higher median CSS (75 vs. 59 months, respectively). However, these differences were not statistically significant.
Oncology, Medical June 27th 2022
Organ Preservation in Patients with Rectal Adenocarcinoma Treated with Total Neoadjuvant Therapy
Three-hundred-twenty-four (324) patients with stage II or III rectal adenocarcinoma were treated with induction chemotherapy followed by chemoradiotherapy (INCT-CRT) or chemoradiotherapy followed by consolidation chemotherapy (CRT-CNCT). Patients then underwent total mesorectal excision (TME) or were assigned to a watch-and-wait status on the basis of tumor response. Three-year TME-free survival was 41% in the INCT-CRT group and 53% in the CRT-CNCT group. Organ preservation is achievable in half of the patients with rectal cancer treated with total neoadjuvant therapy, without an apparent detriment in survival.
Oncology, Medical June 13th 2022
Neoadjuvant Nivolumab Plus Chemo Deemed New Standard Care for Resectable Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)
In this trial of nivolumab + chemotherapy vs. chemotherapy alone, nivolumab prolonged EFS by nearly 11 months and improved the pathologic complete response rate more than tenfold. There was also a trend toward improved OS with nivolumab. The study also reported an EFS improvement with nivolumab in both squamous and non-squamous NSCLC. Grade 3-4 treatment-related adverse events occurred in 34% of patients in the nivolumab arm and 37% of those in the chemotherapy-alone arm.
Oncology, Medical May 25th 2022