Articles related to DIET & NUTRITION
Pro-inflammatory Diet Linked to Relapses After 1st MS Attack: Study
Unveil the potential ramifications of a pro-inflammatory diet on MS patients, especially concerning relapse rate and inflammatory brain lesions. Recent research from the University of Tasmania offers key insights into diet and MS. Essentially, a pro-inflammatory diet may boost relapse rates and inflammatory brain lesions. This highlights the potential impact of such a diet on MS patients. Notably, this diet didn’t influence disability progression or chronic inflammation lesions. MS, defined as a chronic autoimmune disease, harms nerve cells. Significantly, lifestyle modifications may enhance MS symptoms and outcomes. A diet high in fats and proteins, known as a pro-inflammatory diet, could heighten inflammation. Conversely, incorporating anti-inflammatory foods like turmeric, fiber, and beta-carotene may benefit those with inflammatory diseases. The Dietary Inflammation Index (DII), measures diet-related impacts on chronic inflammation. Importantly, higher DII scores imply elevated systemic inflammation, which correlates with increased cardiovascular disease and colorectal cancer risk. The researchers used data from 190 participants in the AusLong Study, all later diagnosed with MS. Participants completed a food frequency questionnaire, from which DII scores were computed. Importantly, for each one-unit DII increase, relapse risk rose by 18%. Strikingly, those in the highest energy-adjusted scores quartile were 2.24 times more likely to relapse. […]
Internal Medicine May 23rd 2023
The New England Journal of Medicine
Phase 3 Trial of Epicutaneous Immunotherapy in Toddlers with Peanut Allergy
A phase 3, multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of epicutaneous immunotherapy with a peanut patch in children aged 1 to 3 years with peanut allergy. No approved treatment for peanut allergy exists for children under 4 years old. Participants with confirmed peanut allergy were assigned to either receive the peanut patch or a placebo daily for 12 months. The primary endpoint was the treatment response measured by the eliciting dose of peanut protein at 12 months. The trial showed that 67.0% of children in the intervention group demonstrated a treatment response compared to 33.5% in the placebo group. Adverse events occurred in both groups, with serious adverse events and anaphylaxis observed more frequently in the intervention group. However, serious treatment-related adverse events were rare. In conclusion, this trial demonstrated that epicutaneous immunotherapy with a peanut patch for 12 months was more effective than placebo in desensitizing children aged 1 to 3 years with peanut allergy and increasing their tolerance to peanut protein. Although adverse events were observed in both groups, serious treatment-related adverse events were uncommon. These findings suggest that epicutaneous immunotherapy may be a potential treatment option for young children with […]
Allergy & Immunology May 18th 2023
Nutrition-Related Challenges Common for Older Adults with AML, MDS
Nutritional challenges are common in older adults with acute leukemia (AML/MDS), and can have a significant impact on their quality of life and treatment outcomes. These challenges can be caused by a variety of factors, including the disease itself, its treatment, and the normal aging process. Some of the most common nutritional challenges in older adults with AML/MDS include appetite loss, weight loss, diarrhea, constipation, and mouth sores; physicians can provide nutritional interventions to help address these challenges and improve the quality of life for older adults with AML/MDS. These interventions may include nutrition counseling, meal planning, supplementation, and enteral nutrition.
Geriatrics May 16th 2023
Skip the Espresso Martini: The Dangers of Mixing Caffeine and Alcohol
Combining alcohol and caffeine is more likely to cause drinkers to underestimate their level of intoxication. The practice among young people leads to more reports of unprotected or unwanted sex, DUI, riding with intoxicated drives, and alcohol-related injury. The combination can also increase blood pressure, raising the risk of stroke and heart attack in at-risk populations.
All Specialties May 9th 2023
Study Links Nutrients, Brain Structure, Cognition in Healthy Aging
Adding to the evidence that good nutrition supports healthy aging, this study shows that blood levels of certain saturated fatty acids, along with omega-6, -7 and -9 fatty acids, correlated with improved memory as well as larger frontal, temporal, parietal lobes.
Endocrinology, Diabetes, Metabolism May 9th 2023
A Myth No More: Cranberry Products Can Prevent Urinary Tract Infections for Women
As published in Cochrane Reviews, cranberry products reduce the risk of repeat symptomatic UTIs in women by more than a quarter. In children and individuals susceptible to UTI following medical interventions, the risk reduction is greater than 50%.
Family Medicine/General Practice May 3rd 2023