Articles related to ADDICTION/SUBSTANCE ABUSE
Skin Disease Medication Also Effective in Alcohol Use Disorder Treatment
Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU) researchers were searching a genetic database for compounds that could suppress the expression of genes previously linked to heavy alcohol use. They put apremilast to the test in two animal models with a genetic risk of binge drinking, as well as in mice from other labs. In each case, apremilast reduced alcohol consumption by increasing activity in the nucleus accumbens, the brain region involved in controlling alcohol intake. Scripps Research Institute then assessed 51 patients over 11 days of treatment and discovered that trial participants’ alcohol consumption was reduced from an average of five drinks per day to two.
Neurology March 7th 2023
Skin-Rotting ‘Zombie Drug’ Xylazine Tied to Increase in US Drug Overdoses
There is no readily available test for xylazine and narcotic antagonists are ineffective. Overdosage is characterized by sedation and unresponsiveness. When combined with fentanyl, overdose symptoms can include blue-to-grayish skin, slowed breathing and bradycardia.
Psychiatry March 7th 2023
The Journal of Clinical Investigation (JCI)
Pre-clinical and Clinical Evidence for Suppression of Alcohol Intake by Apremilast
PDE4 is linked to alcohol and nicotine addiction, so the researchers prioritized apremilast, a newer PDE4 inhibitor for psoriasis, as ideal for repurposing and tested it in multiple animal strains and models, as well as a human Phase IIa study. In mouse models of genetic risk for drinking to intoxication, they discovered that apremilast reduced binge-like alcohol intake and behavioral measures of alcohol motivation.
Family Medicine/General Practice March 6th 2023
“Borg” is the Dangerous Alcohol Trend Physicians Need to Know About
Borgs, also known as “Black Out Rage Gallons,” are a new alcoholic drink that has been trending on TikTok. Half a gallon of vodka, mixed with water and flavoring in a gallon jug, is used to make the drink. It is unclear whether the trend has increased emergency room visits, but it highlights the importance of educating young people about alcohol serving sizes.
All Specialties February 28th 2023