Articles related to ADDICTION/SUBSTANCE ABUSE
Sleeping Medications Used for Insomnia May Combat Drug and Alcohol Addiction
Many drugs of abuse increase orexin production in both animal and human brains. Blocking the orexin system reverses addiction in animals. Orexin levels normally cycle in a circadian rhythm, with additional activation when under stress. Opioids, cocaine, alcohol, and other substances activate the cells that produce orexin, but don’t deactivate them. They stay on constantly, producing high levels of orexin that drive the desire for another hit. Anti-orexin insomnia medications might be of benefit in treating addiction.
Internal Medicine November 29th 2022
Ketamine and Esketamine for Depression: Lessons Learned in Clinical Practice
This overview and discussion highlights the learnings gleaned during practice in a ketamine service unit. Discussion points include treatment considerations for the two entities, switching from IV to intranasal, and a collection of pearls.
Psychiatry November 8th 2022
Safe Opioid Prescribing: A Patient-Centered Approach to the FDA Blueprint
Part 1—Pain Management Fundamentals Following completion of this activity (1.0 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™, 1.0 AANP credit, 1.0 ACPE credit, 1.0 ANCC credit), the participant should be able to: Explain the importance of comprehensive pain education Outline the fundamental concepts of pain management, such as pain definitions and pain mechanisms. Examine patients who are in pain, including identifying risk factors for substance abuse and addiction. Discuss the various pain-management approaches, including nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic (non-opioid and opioid analgesic) therapies.
Clinical Pharmacology October 27th 2022
Brain Lesion Location Influences Addiction Behaviors
Prior research has revealed a potential link between damage to specific parts of the brain and repetitive addictive behaviors. In this report, with findings published in Nature Medicine, the investigators found that lesions that disrupted smoking and alcohol addiction behaviors occurred in many different brain locations and were characterized by a specific pattern of brain connectivity.
Neurology October 25th 2022
Perioperative Gabapentin Use and In-Hospital Adverse Clinical Events Among Older Adults After Major Surgery
Gabapentin has been increasingly used as part of a multimodal analgesia regimen to reduce opioid use in perioperative pain management. In this cohort study of 237,872 adults aged 65 years or older, perioperative gabapentin users had significantly increased risk of delirium, new antipsychotic use, and pneumonia compared with nonusers after major surgery.
Anesthesiology October 3rd 2022