Articles related to ENCEPHALITIS
Autoimmune Encephalitis: Proposed Best Practice Recommendations for Diagnosis and Acute Management
When there was insufficient or conflicting evidence, core authors from the Autoimmune Encephalitis Alliance Clinicians Network assessed the literature and administered an electronic survey to each member to get their personal opinions. The poll received 68 responses from respondents in 17 different nations. For patients with a general presentation, 84% of responders chose corticosteroids alone or in combination with other treatments (intravenous IG or plasmapheresis), 74% for patients who presented with faciobrachial dystonic seizures, 63% for NMDAR-IgG encephalitis, and 48.5% for classical paraneoplastic encephalitis. A summary of the diagnostic and therapeutic recommendations is provided at the end of the manuscript, which also includes a detailed presentation of the survey data.
Neurology January 18th 2023
If eponyms are avoided, Wernicke encephalopathy, commonly known as Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome or alcoholic encephalopathy, is a kind of thiamine (vitamin B1) deficiency that is frequently observed in alcoholics. Imaging typically reveals mamillary bodies, dorsomedial thalami, tectal plate, periaqueductal area, and/or the area around the third ventricle as areas of symmetrical enhanced T2/FLAIR signal.
Family Medicine/General Practice January 18th 2023
Unraveling a Diagnostic Mystery: Ed Garber
It wasn’t carpal tunnel. It wasn’t just anxiety, and Ed wasn’t having a stroke. Even after a complete neurological assessment, it wasn’t “mild cognitive impairment.” For months, Ed’s life was plagued with psychiatric and movement disorders that puzzled his wife and his physicians. Read the narrative about how Ed was finally diagnosed, what happened next, and where he is now.
Neurology January 10th 2023
Review of 23 Patients Affected by the Stiff Man Syndrome: Clinical Subdivision into Stiff Trunk (Man) Syndrome, Stiff Limb Syndrome, and Progressive Encephalomyelitis with Rigidity
The authors in this paper wanted to determine if, on the basis of basic clinical criteria, the stiff limb syndrome can be distinguished from the stiff man syndrome and progressive encephalomyelitis with rigidity, and whether this distinction has any bearing on the condition’s origin, course of treatment, or prognosis.
Neurology December 13th 2022
Neurologic Complications of Smallpox and Monkeypox
Reported neurologic complications of monkeypox include headaches and mood disturbances, and more rarely, encephalitis, transverse myelitis, and seizures. Historically neurologic complications of smallpox include encephalitis, transverse myelitis, and acute disseminated encephalomyelitis among others. Of concern is the possibility of viral persistence and systemic complications in immunocompromised individuals. Monkeypox should be considered when these neurologic symptoms are seen in high-risk populations.
Neurology September 26th 2022
Antibody-Mediated Autoimmune Encephalitis (AE): A Practical Approach
With an emphasis on syndromes involving cell surface and synaptic proteins, the authors discuss major aspects of AE in this work. In addition, they also present a useful method for diagnosing and treating the condition, as well as potential mistakes related to nonspecific antibody results.
Neurology September 12th 2022